71,000-acre Agua Fria National Monument is approximately 40 miles north of central Phoenix.
This Arizona National Monument encompasses two mesas, and the canyon of the Agua Fria River. (See…we told you it was like an ice cold beverage.)
The monument ranges from 2,150 feet above sea level along the Agua Fria Canyon to about 4,600 feet in the northern hills. Plants, wildlife and even a slumbering volcano make up this diverse region. Agua Fria is much more than just a desert and river. It’s actually one of the most significant systems of prehistoric sites in the American Southwest.
In addition to the rich record of human history, the monument contains outstanding biological resources. The area is the home to coyotes, bobcats, antelope, mule deer, javelina, a variety of small mammals and songbirds. Eagles and other raptors may also be seen. Native fish such as the longfin dace, the Gila mountain sucker, the Gila chub, and the speckled dace, exist in the Agua Fria River and its tributaries.